Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Healthy People 2010 Indicator in my Community Essay

Solid People 2010 Indicator in my Community - Essay Example As a network, our duty to progress in the direction of the key center zones and meeting of wellbeing destinations can be a pointer of a general public moving towards its objective of solid individuals 2010. Top health spokesperson David Satcher depicts Healthy People 2010as a broad arrangement of wellbeing improvement open doors for the following decade.3 The 467 objective targets of strategic People 2010 have been comprehensively partitioned into 28 center areas4: Access Joint inflammation, Osteoporosis, Chronic Back Conditions Malignant growth Interminable Kidney Disease Diabetes Incapacity and Secondary Conditions Ecological Health Instructive and Community-Based Programs Family Planning Sanitation Wellbeing Communication Coronary illness and Stroke HIV/AIDS Vaccination and Infectious Diseases Injury/Violence Prevention Maternal, Infant, Child Health Clinical Product Safety Psychological wellness and Mental Disorders Sustenance and Overweight Word related Safety and Health Oral Health Physical Activity and Fitness Asthma/Respiratory Diseases General Health Infrastructure Explicitly Transmitted Diseases Substance Abuse (counting liquor) Tobacco Use Vision and Hearing In the paper, I will concentrate on Asthma as a marker of Healthy People 2010 in my locale. In this I will discuss: The pervasiveness of Asthma cases Its effect on the general public The measures taken by us to make our locale Asthma free by 2010 The measures taken for taking care of this issue effectively and by and large access to quality solid administrations for battling this issue alongside instruction mindfulness against causes and fix of Asthma will be instrumental in demonstrating the accomplishment of Healthy People 2010 strategic. In the previous occasions, just old matured individuals were known to experience the ill effects of respiratory issues like Asthma. Be that as it may, presently a-days, this issue is... In the start of the year, the wellbeing branch of the United States discharged wellbeing objectives for the general nation both at the nearby network and at state level, to be met by year 2010. The wellbeing individuals 2010 is a far reaching report of key center territories, our objectives and goals, just as guide for advancing wellbeing and health and forestalling sicknesses, inability, and unexpected passing. Dispense with wellbeing inconsistencies between various fragments of the populace, including those identifying with sex, race and ethnicity, instruction, salary, inability, living in country regions, and sexual orientation2 Except if we as people assume up our liability, it is beyond the realm of imagination to expect to meet the objectives of a sickness free society by 2010. As individuals from network, it turns into our obligation to guarantee that we move in the direction of meeting the destinations of a solid people network. The measures taken for taking care of this issue effectively and by and large access to quality sound administrations for battling this issue alongside training mindfulness against causes and fix of Asthma will be instrumental in demonstrating the accomplishment of Healthy People 2010 crucial. The chief explanation behind expanding issue of asthma cases in the network is introduction to contamination, lacking offices, and high smoking rate

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Aztec Origins and the Founding of Tenochtitlan

Aztec Origins and the Founding of Tenochtitlan The starting points of the Aztec Empire are part legend, part archeological and chronicled certainty. At the point when the Spanish conquistador Hernn Cortã ©s showed up in Basin of Mexico in 1517, he found that the Aztec Triple Alliance, a solid political, monetary and military agreement, controlled the bowl and for sure a lot of focal America. Be that as it may, where did they originated from, and how could they get the chance to be so amazing? The Origins of the Aztecs The Aztecs, or, all the more appropriately, the Mexica as they called themselves, were not initially from the Valley of Mexico yet rather moved from the north. They called their country Aztlan, The Place of Herons., yet Aztlan is an area which has not so far been distinguished archeologically and was likely in any event somewhat legendary. As indicated by their own records, the Mexica and different clans were referred to as a gathering as the Chichimeca, left their homes in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States on account of an incredible dry season. This story is told in a few enduring codices (painted collapsing books), in which the Mexica are demonstrated conveying with them the symbol of their benefactor god Huitzilopochtli. Following two centuries of movement, at around AD 1250, the Mexica showed up in the Valley of Mexico. Today, the Basin of Mexico is loaded up with the rambling city of Mexico City; yet underneath the advanced roads are the remains of Tenochtitln, the site where the Mexica settled, and the capital city for the Aztec domain. Bowl of Mexico Before the Aztecs At the point when the Aztecs showed up in the Valley of Mexico, it was a long way from a vacant spot. As a result of its abundance of regular assets, the valley has been constantly involved for a large number of years, the main referred to generous occupation set up in any event as ahead of schedule as the second century BC. The Valley of Mexico lies ~2,100 meters (7,000 feet) above ocean level, and it is encircled by high mountains, some of which are dynamic volcanoes. Water flowing down in streams from these mountains made a progression of shallow, mucky lakes that gave a rich source to creatures and fish, plants, salt and water for development. Today the Valley of Mexico is for the most part secured by the massive development of Mexico City: yet there were old destroys just as flourishing networks when the Aztecs showed up, including the relinquished stone structures of two significant urban areas: Teotihuacan and Tula, both alluded to by the Aztecs as the Tollans. Teotihuacn: Almost a thousand years before the Aztecs, the colossal and deliberately arranged city of Teotihuacn (involved between 200 BC and AD 750) thrived there. Today Teotihuacan is a well known archeological site a couple of miles north of present day Mexico City that pulls in a huge number of sightseers every year. The word Teotihuacn is a Nahuatl (the language expressed by the Aztecs) word meaning The Birthplace of the Gods. We dont know its genuine name, yet the Aztecs gave this name to the city since it was a hallowed spot related with the incredible inceptions of the world. Tula: Another city that created in the Valley of Mexico before the Aztecs was the city of Tula, the early post-great capital of the Toltecs between AD 950 and 1150. The Toltecs were considered by the Aztecs to be the perfect rulers, fearless warriors who exceeded expectations in expressions of the human experience and sciences. Tula was so loved by the Aztecs that the lord Motecuhzoma (otherwise known as Montezuma) sent individuals to uncover Toltec objects for use in the sanctuaries at Tenochtitln. The Mexica were awestruck by the enormous structures worked by the Tollans, considering Teotihuacan to be the consecrated setting for the formation of the present world or Fifth Sun. The Aztecs diverted and reused objects from the locales: more than 40 Teotihuacan-style objects have been found in contributions inside Tenochtitlans stately area. Aztec Arrival in Tenochtitln At the point when the Mexica showed up in the Valley of Mexico around 1200 AD, both Teotihuacn and Tula had been surrendered for a considerable length of time; yet different gatherings were at that point chose the best land. These were gatherings of Chichimecs, identified with the Mexica, who had moved from the north in prior occasions. The late-coming Mexica had to choose the ungracious slope of Chapultepec or Grasshopper Hill. There they became vassals of the city of Culhuacan, an esteemed city whose rulers were viewed as the beneficiaries of the Toltecs. As affirmation for their help with fight, the Mexica were given one of the little girls of the King of Culhuacan to be revered as a goddess/priestess. At the point when the ruler showed up to go to the function, he discovered one of the Mexica clerics wearing the excoriated skin of his little girl: the Mexica answered to the lord that their God Huitzilopochtli had requested the penance of the princess. The penance and excoriating of the Culhua Princess incited a savage fight, which the Mexica lost. They had to leave Chapultepec and move to some boggy islands in the lake. Tenochtitln: Living in a Marshland After they were constrained out of Chapultepec, as indicated by the Mexica fantasy, the Aztecs meandered for a considerable length of time, scanning for a spot to settle. Huitzilopochtli appeared to the Mexica pioneers and showed a spot where an incredible hawk was roosted on a desert flora murdering a snake. This spot, right in the center of a swamp with no appropriate ground by any stretch of the imagination, was the place the Mexica established their capital, Tenochtitln. It was 2 Calli (Two House) in the Aztec schedule, which deciphers in our advanced schedules to AD 1325. The evidently lamentable situation of their city, in a swamp, really encouraged financial associations and shielded Tenochtitln from military assaults by limiting access to the site by kayak or vessel traffic. Tenochtitln developed quickly as both a business and military focus. The Mexica were handy and wild officers and, in spite of the tale of the Culhua princess, they were likewise capable legislators who made strong partnerships with the encompassing urban communities. Growing a Home in the Basin The city developed quickly, with castles and efficient neighborhoods and reservoir conduits giving new water to the city from the mountains. At the focal point of the city stood the consecrated region with ball courts, schools for nobles, and clerics quarters. The stately heart of the city and of the entire realm was the Great Temple of Mexico-Tenochtitln, known as the Templo Mayor or Huey Teocalli (the Great House of the Gods). This was a ventured pyramid with a twofold sanctuary on top devoted to Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc, the principle divinities of the Aztecs. The sanctuary, embellished with brilliant hues, was revamped ordinarily during Aztec history. The seventh and last form was seen and depicted by Hernn Cortã ©s and the conquistadors. When Cortã ©s and his warriors entered the Aztec capital on November 8, 1519, they discovered probably the biggest city on the planet. Sources Altered and refreshed by K. Kris Hirst Berdan FF. 2014. Aztec Archeology and Ethnohistory. New York: Cambridge University Press.Healan D. 2012. The Archeology of Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico. Diary of Archeological Research 20(1):53-115.Smith ME. 2013. The Aztecs. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.Van Tuerenhout DR. 2005, The Aztecs: New Perspectives. Santa Clause Barbara CA: ABC-CLIO Inc.

Sunday, August 16, 2020

12 Signs You May Have an Anxiety Disorder

12 Signs You May Have an Anxiety Disorder It was Monday, the weekend was over. This was the big day. Cindy’s big day. Her day to shine. It was the day she would win her company the tender they had been eyeing.She was well prepared. Her presentation was all memorized and her charts and tables available through her flash drive. She understood the importance of using visuals during presentations. Before leaving her office, she checks to confirm that she carried everything.Laptop? Check. Flash drive? Check. Notes (just in case)? Check.All was well.The driver pulls off the kerb and Cindy is on her way to meet her client. She pictures herself making the presentation. Will the procurement director be alone? Will the finance director be part of the team? What if the president of the firm attends as well?She has to impress. Does her dress look executive? Did she choose the right color? Is it too short? Cindy’s heart is racing. How will she start the presentation if the president attends? Are the figures she has indicated for Retu rn on Investment accurate?Of course they are. Her finance team worked on them and she confirmed everything. All the same, she decides to confirm. She pulls out her laptop and plugs the flash drive. She needs to check those figures again. Anyway, does it harm to confirm? At least she will be confident that all is fine, won’t she?It is very normal to be tense and nervous before an important engagement. For example before a job interview, meeting your girlfriend’s parents for the first time, going on your first date or just your first day at work.There are times when the nervousness starts consuming you to the point of being unsure about something you just confirmed. In this case, it may be a sign of an anxiety disorder. This is what Cindy was going through.WHAT IS AN ANXIETY DISORDER?An anxiety disorder is a mental health condition which is characterized by feelings of fear, worry and anxiety. These feelings are usually strong enough to interfere with your daily activities. You wo rry about a future event which you are not sure how best to handle.Or you just feel incapable of managing it.Although you can normally have these feelings and control them, that is not the case when you are suffering from an anxiety disorder. With an anxiety disorder, the feelings are intense, overwhelming and can stop you from performing your normal duties.TYPES OF ANXIETY DISORDERSAnxiety disorders are a class of mental conditions which manifest in different ways. Some of these anxiety disorders have symptoms which overlap. As such, you may show signs of a particular disorder but after talking to your doctor, realize that you actually have a different disorder.Anxiety disorders are not always easy to accurately diagnose. But openly talking to your doctor and him possibly carrying out some examinations will lead to the right diagnosis.Below we discuss the different types of anxiety disorders.Generalized anxiety disorderYou will be diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) i f you are excessively anxious and worried about everyday life events. You worry about everything from money, health, work to family.These worries are usually either unrealistic or exaggerated such that they do not align with the reality of the situation. An accurate diagnosis is given when you worry more often than not for a duration of at least six months.Although in an ideal situation you should be able to control your worry, you find this to be impossible. Thus your life becomes a continuous cycle of worry. You always anticipate negative outcomes and see the worst possibilities coming to pass.GAD affects 6.8 million American adults annually with women being twice as likely as men to be affected.With many negative thoughts clouding your mind, it becomes difficult to even go through the day. It is possible that you may later on realize that your fears were exaggerated. Unfortunately, this may not register solidly enough to enable you control your thoughts.Panic disorderThis disorde r is characterized by reoccurring panic attacks. The panic attacks occur suddenly and without warning. And since you do not know when the next one will come, you live with a fearful anticipation of it.This makes you afraid of going to some places, especially if you have experienced a panic attack before while there.A panic disorder can greatly interfere with your life as you seek to avoid social activities or even responsibilities. You may for example avoid making a presentation which is part of your job because the last time you did it, you suffered a panic attack.It is estimated that 1.5-4% of the general public suffer from panic disorder. Although it mostly affects people from early adulthood, children also suffer from panic disorder.Obsessive compulsory disorder (OCD)This condition affects your mind and makes you keep certain persistent thoughts of the need to repeat certain actions.The thoughts are what are referred to as obsessions, in that you cannot stop thinking about speci fic things. You become preoccupied with those thoughts until they form your basis of action.As the thoughts continue, the actions become your habits, thus forming the compulsions. These are the things you do everydayâ€"or very oftenâ€"even without questioning the rationale.OCD is a problem because the obsessions and compulsions tie you up to a lifestyle of distress.For example, you may have worrisome thoughts about how contaminated your environment is. Since you do not want to be infected, you have to perform an action so as to stay safe. The compulsion then becomes an excessive washing of your hands and kitchen as many times as possible to guarantee cleanliness.You may also have disturbing thoughts and mental images about the security of your home. To guarantee safety as you leave, you lock your house and then confirm that you have done it well. As you walk from your door, you feel the urge to just confirm one final time that the lock is intact.After this confirmation, you may feel the need to check your windows and even confirm that the space between the door and the floor is not big enough for someone to slip something through. In all these, your mind paints images of possible security breaches.In reality, your neighborhood may be adequately safe. More than that, as you perform these checks, you are definitely running out of time for your meetings or work.Specific phobiasPhobias are intense fears. The kind of fears that can literally stop you from going to a place or doing something for fear of what may happen.One common fear is the fear of heights, also known as acrophobia.If you are suffering from an anxiety disorder, you have other fears which interfere with your normal life. These stop you from going to places you should go to or doing things you are supposed to do.An example is agoraphobia, the fear of being in places where you think escape or finding help may not be possible. You therefore avoid such places since they may trigger panic attacks.For you to comfortably go to such places, you will often need the company of someone else so as to get the assurance of safety.Another phobia is glossophobia, the fear of public speaking. You may have had a bad experience before or you simply cannot bring yourself to speak in public. Although many people have this fear, the difference for you is that you are certain of suffering a panic attack, something you have to avoid.Check out the below video to get some tips for overcoming glossophobia. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)PTSD can be debilitating as it causes your mind to re-live past traumatic events. The cause is a past event which you either experienced personally or witnessed. This event registered in your mind as something which you should never experience again.It may be an involvement in a car accident. To avoid such an event from happening again, you decided never to drive a car. Or be driven but never to sit at the front. Still, any signs of a potential accident like the sc reeching of brakes, can send you into an anxiety attack.Another cause of PTSD can be the death of a close relative. For example, you probably lost one of your children due to an illness. The next time someone in your family becomes sick, it will be sufficient to trigger an anxiety attack.You will instantly remember the loss of your other child and see the death occurring again in this other family member.Social anxiety disorderThis is also called social phobia. It is the fear of the everyday social interactions that happen in life. You become fearful of being judged by others or wrongly evaluated.If having social anxiety disorder, then you will generally be afraid of what others will think about you. What they will think of your appearance, the words you use, what will happen if you stumble over words, whether you will be viewed as boring etc.As a result, you will avoid every kind of social event so as to stay away from the possible judgment from others.Other fears which you may hav e are being afraid of embarrassment and humiliation. You may also be afraid of being introduced to someone or being watched while doing something.SIGNS OF AN ANXIETY DISORDERAny of the above anxiety disorders can affect you. Although some people may be at higher risk, environmental conditions can make everyone susceptible.One of the factors that can lead to some of these is your upbringing. If you never had an opportunity to interact with people and did not learn how to express yourself well, you may have a problem doing so as an adult.There are instances where you may feel nervous yet you are not suffering from an anxiety disorder. An example is when you are approached by the person you have a crush on. You may feel too shy to even look at them in the eye. You may even be unable to speak.Does this mean you have an anxiety disorder?Shyness is just a feeling of awkwardness or apprehension and goes away as soon as you get to know the other person. On the other hand, anxiety disorders are characterized by symptoms which occur more than once. As a result you do whatever you can to try and avoid them.Even feelings of nervousness are common among people, especially when about to do something they don’t usually do. Still, that does not qualify them to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.Below are 12 signs you can use to diagnose yourself and know whether you could be having an anxiety disorder.1. Excessive worryWorry is normal for everyone. The difference when it comes to anxiety disorders is that it is too much. This worry is also completely unexplainable in rational ways.If you find yourself worrying about virtually everything, then chances are that you have an anxiety disorder. You will usually be worried about your health, work, family, traffic and everything else. All this with a lot of exaggeration. This excess worry can have effects beyond your mind.Whereas it’s possible to worry then come up with a way to prevent the worrying situation from either happe ning or escalating, you are not able to do this. For you, the preferred solution is usually to avoid facing the situation. If you have to face it, then you’ll be extra careful as you approach it.This leads to a huge impact on the way you live your life. In an attempt to avoid worrying situations, you end up avoiding many activities, even responsibilities.The downside of this is that you reduce your chances of interacting with people, thus keeping yourself from facing and dealing with the underlying fear.If you choose to approach the situation with extra care, then you put too much focus on the potential mistakes that could happen and end up being consumed by them. When mistakes occur, your fears haunt you, confirming that you should not have gotten into the situation in the first place.This makes you more inclined to avoid similar situations in the future.2. Chronic indigestionAnxiety, as a condition affecting the mind, has far-reaching effects. Not only does it affect your mood b ut also your digestive processes.The indigestion problem will typically start in your mouth, exactly where digestion starts. Since you are likely to be eating fast when feeling tense, you will not have chewed your food properly. As this food goes down your gut, several symptoms of indigestion may occur, including bloating and general digestion discomfort.At the same time, the neurotransmitter serotonin plays an important role in digestion. Known to be one of the feel-good hormones, serotonin is also essential in the regulation of intestinal movements.When you have an anxiety disorder, serotonin levels are low. And a deficiency in serotonin causes digestion problems, irritable bowel syndrome, migraines, among other health disorders.From the below video, you will learn more about indigestion caused by anxiety and some ways to manage the problem. 3. Sleep problemsYou can only sleep well if your mind is at peace. If you have any anxiety disorder, your mind cannot enjoy peaceful times. A t least in most cases. Your mind simply has too much to think about.With an anxiety disorder, your mind will normally be very active at night, just as it was during the day, if not more. You will remember all the things which went wrong and start working on solutions. This is in anticipation of similar or worse problems which you feel will come up the following day.You may find that you have the energy to perform tasks and so you stay awake some more. If you go to bed, you may keep tossing and turning instead of sleeping. This is because your mind is trying to figure out how to avoid a repeat of the uncomfortable situations which caused you anxiety today.This leads to activity in your brain at a time when your circadian rhythm indicates that it’s time to sleep. Sleep is important for the replenishment of worn out body tissues to enable you be ready to carry out the necessary activities the following day.Lack of sleep or having it in irregular patterns sets the stage for a challeng ing day ahead. You will not have rested enough and your body will not be in a position to perform as expected. The condition you have will therefore be worsened because you will wake up knowing that you did not have enough rest.This fuels your fear of possibly making mistakes or being unable to concentrate while at work. You become afraid of dozing at work. You continue with the thinking and see the danger of being discovered sleeping in your office. You can only imagine the worst. Losing your job.It is possible that at this point, you will call in sick, just to avoid losing your job.4. Self-consciousnessThis is when you take self-awareness to the extreme. You think too much about what you are doing, how you’re dressed, how you’re walking, talking, carrying your bag, holding your pen etc. You think that something is wrong with the way you are doing things and people are noticing.When you become self-conscious, you are likely to actually start being clumsy. This can be caused by your mind focusing much of its attention on the part of your body which you are thinking about. As a result, other parts of your body which need to be functioning simultaneously get affected.For example, you might be walking into your office and start focusing on how long your strides are.You may not properly judge the position of the stairs and end up missing a step. Your colleagues may be sorry for you and even express it. But your mind tells you how this is evidence that something is not right with you.You now have two different things troubling your mind: your walking and thoughts of what your colleagues think about it. When you finally get to your office, the only urge you have is to hide and wish you could erase the memory of what happened earlier from the minds of your colleagues.Considering that anxiety disorders exaggerate your fears, you decide not to go to the cafeteria during tea break. You don’t even go out for lunch. This only serves to pile pressure on you.Self-cons ciousness is mainly a result of a past negative experience or something that caused you shame and embarrassment in public. All the same, you can overcome self-consciousness.5. FlashbacksThese are most common with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). What feeds this disorder is the recall of the traumatic event that happened in the past.70% of Americans have experienced a traumatic event in their lives with up to 20% of them developing PTSD.Flashbacks acts like a constant reminder of the experience you had and the thought of it causes you distress. This is regardless of how long ago the event took place.After experiencing a traumatic event, the memory does not disappear. In fact, to enable you stay safe, your mind will keep a very vivid copy of that event so as to warn you of similar events.The challenge then becomes getting over the situation and knowing that it won’t happen again.To get to that point requires some work with a psychotherapist. You need to see the experience as a n unfortunate event that happened once and is not likely to happen again.An effective way of reducing the magnitude of flashbacks which are symptoms of PTSD is through Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT). This type of therapy helps you work on the thoughts and emotions which fuel the flashbacks so that you keep them under control.Another equally effective therapy is the exposure therapy. In this therapy, you will be guided by your therapist on confronting your fears of the event. After the therapy, what used to trigger flashbacks is no longer a threat.6. Irrational fearsAll anxiety disorders have fear as their root cause. It is all about the fear of something bad happening.These fears communicate a threat that will interfere with your life. As such, you will automatically choose safety and avoid the situation which is a perceived threat.The fears are evidently irrational because of their exaggerated nature. There are dangers involved in going to certain places or doing certain things but your perception of these fears is out of proportion.For example, the Amazon forest has some dangerous animals. You may have seen them in documentary videos. But the problem is that you may start imagining some of those animals, especially the snakes, sneaking up on you. This is despite you living miles away from the Amazon rainforest.You can however rationalize your fears by thinking of how they easily move in search of prey.Alternatively, you may not realize this fear until when you later get an invitation to go camping. Immediately, you remember what you have seen in documentaries.You imagine the dangers posed by the animals which crawl at night and even see them attacking you while sleeping. You respond to these fears by turning down the camping invitation.7. Self-doubtAnother sign of an anxiety disorder is having self-doubt. Doubting your own judgments and abilities makes you unable to do much, if anything at all. You will not be able to make any decisions about your work, thus keep inquiring on what to do. Even when it is all in your power to act accordingly.You will also be unsure about your ability to achieve your dreams.For example, you may have thought of starting a business but are not sure whether you can make it. You may be clouded with thoughts of potential loss-making and eventually decide not to start the business.Even in the event of possible job losses, self-doubt makes you stuck in your current position. Maintaining the status quo becomes your preferred choice although you can see danger approaching.If someone offers you an opportunity to engage in business, you will still imagine the business going down. From that point, you imagine the shame you will experience after failing in business.Doubting yourself will never show you how you can build a profitable business and employ others. Instead, you will always have the negative thoughts of failing.8. PerfectionismMany people all over the world suffer from perfectionism. This is where you w ant everything you do to be perfect.There are bosses who literally drum this idea into the minds of their employees. But a pursuit of perfection is actually one in futility because perfection can never be achieved. This is because the state of affairs will always be changing.What is perfect now may not be prefect in the next hour.For you however, perfection is a dream you constantly chase, determined to catch. Despite not having registered any success so far, you feel a strong urge to continue pursuing it. This keeps you in a cycle of potential stress as you seek to achieve it.Failing to achieve perfection sets the ground for anxious thoughts and self-criticism which lead you to condemnation. Seeing that you are unable to do things perfectly, you start doubting your abilities.Perfectionism can also affect your performance in other ways. For example, it may make you take longer than necessary to make a decision. This is because you are striving to make a perfect decision.The good new s is that just like other tendencies, you can stop the effects of perfectionism by making some changes. You can do a great job, not a perfect one.If left unchecked, perfectionism can greatly affect your work as well as other aspects of your life. It can negatively impact your relationships because you may come across as someone who is expecting too much of others.9. Stage frightMany people admire those who confidently walk to a stage and in front of many people, successfully deliver a speech and the audience celebrates them. You probably have desired being able to do that but cannot bring yourself to even try it.Perhaps you tried once but it didn’t work out well. This may be what formed your basis of glossophobia.Your fear of public speaking makes you see the audience in one of three perspectives. First, as a distraction which makes you forget your speech and confuses you.Secondly, as a judge of your performance. You become alive to the fact that no matter how well you perform, th e audience may just think otherwise.Thirdly, the perspective you most possibly hold, is that the audience is a determiner of your social standing. This is where the biggest fear lies. You fear being labeled not good enough.This fear is likely to make you conclude that indeed you are not good enough. And the possible reasoning? If you were good enough, would you be experiencing stage fright?Unknown to you, many successful public speakers experience stage fright. The only difference is that they have learned how to overcome it.Being unable to comfortably express yourself makes it impossible, or at least extremely difficult, for your talents to be recognized. You may be having a rare skill but since you cannot voice it, no-one notices it.With your fear of speaking to people, you may even deliberately avoid utilizing your skill so as to avoid being recognized and subsequently asked to talk about it. This denies you and your company or business the opportunity to grow despite the potenti al within.If you can understand how stage fright happens, then you will be able to keep the fear at bay. Watch the below video for some insights. 10. Muscle tensionProblems with your mental health will always be felt in other parts of your body. The simple explanation of this is that your mind controls what happens in your whole body.When you have an anxiety disorder, your muscles tense more often than not. Although muscle tension can occur whenever you have stress, it normally goes away naturally with stress relief. But not for you.Muscle tension is a direct result of the stressful situations you perceive due to anxiety. When stressed, your body becomes ready for flight or fight. Your muscles contract to help you respond to threats accordingly.But there being no real threat in the case of anxiety, stress hormones remain high in your body. The more they are around or being often produced, the more you keep experiencing muscle tension.11. Constant nervousnessA clear and easy-to-detec t sign of anxiety is constant nervousness. When you find that you are often distressed and nervous at the thought of doing most things, then you probably have an anxiety disorder.The most important thing to understand about nervousness is that your subconscious mind is telling you that you are in danger. You may not even identify the real danger but you feel it is out there.Nervousness is normal and it happens in many instances. Be it a first date, a job interview, the final stage of a competition, everywhere. As powerful and influential as your subconscious mind is, it’s not designed to run your life entirely.In a normal situation, both the conscious and subconscious parts of your mind communicate to give you the best results. The subconscious knows when to take over and the conscious will allow it. But when one keeps overruling the other, then there is bound to be chaos.With anxiety disorders, the subconscious often overrules (unknowingly) the conscious by sensing real dangers w hen they are really small threats which the conscious should handle. Your stress response system kicks in and this keeps you in a perpetual state of “needing to act” so as to ensure safety.Nervousness can be handled. You just have to be willing to face it.12. RestlessnessAnxiety will always rob you of your peace. When others are relaxing and having a chat, you will always have something troubling your mind. You will always have a problem to think about. A solution to come up with so as to stay safe from an impending threat.You may need to move around in an effort to relax your mind by making it think of other things. You will be overwhelmed by the amount of work being done by your mind.You have feelings of being on edge and at the same time, might also become irritable.Restlessness may also make it difficult to accomplish tasks as you lose concentration due to the many thoughts you have in your mind. You may also feel cramps in your arms or legs whenever you are lying down or se ated. These prompt you to move.Another symptom of restlessness is tapping your feet or hands and being easily distracted. You will also have a problem organizing things at home or your office and struggle managing time.TREATMENTAnxiety disorders are treatable. All you have to do is seek professional medical help. Your lifestyle also determines how fast you get relief from the disorder. If you suffer from other conditions, treatment can also take longer than expected.Be open with your doctor and discuss every concern you have, including the cost of treatment. You will be pleased to know that there are low-cost treatment options in case one therapist is not able to work with you on cost.Some forms of treatment include learning how to deal with stress, some relaxation techniques as well as including exercises in your daily routines. You can also get relief from talking to someone who is understanding and supportive. You can also connect with this online community.While seeking or under going treatment, remember that you are on a journey of improving the quality of your life. Therefore, it is important to stay positive and surround yourself with the right kind of support.CONCLUSIONAnxiety disorders can affect anyone and so you should not be afraid of talking about it. The earlier you talk to your doctor, the sooner things get better for you. So, contact him today for a diagnosis and start your treatment.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Analysis Of Sam Walton / Jay Z - 1397 Words

There are many different formats an argument can take, including classical, Toulmin, and Rogerian. However, the one type of argument that is displayed throughout the text Sam Walton/Jay Z is undoubtedly the classical form of an argument. The Classical form of and argument contains six different parts to make up the whole structure: Exordium, Narratio, Partitio, Confirmatio, Refutatio, and Peroratio. These Latin words can be simply broken down into five different sections: Introduction, Background, Lines of Argument, Alternative Arguments, and Conclusion. In the article Sam Walton/Jay Z by George Packer, the classical argument structure is used effectively to convey the message that anyone can become well off no matter where they came from†¦show more content†¦Packer uses the background information effectively in the first few paragraphs of both sections, by giving the reader simple facts of â€Å"†¦Born in 1918 in Kingfisher, Oklahoma, right in the middle of the countr y†¦ Shawn Corey Carter, born in ’69, Marcy houses, country of bedStuy, planet of Brooklyn† (Packer 351-55). The statements provided are a good example of how the use of background information can be used to show Packer’s audience where Sam and Jay Z came from. The use of these quotes is to give the basic information needed to understand the message. It can be easily seen that the first couple paragraphs, Packer used to provide the reader with some background information about Sam Walton and Jay Z. The third part of the classical oration comes as two parts, Partito and Confirmatio. These, however, can be combined into simpler language as just the â€Å"lines of Argument.† Packer uses the lines of the argument in a way that provide the audience with supporting information to help convince the reader of the key message. Packer has supported his argument in ways that show the intelligence of the Sam Walton and Jay Z as well as their determination. Anyone can see Sam Walton had a different kind of intelligence because his philosophy â€Å"Buy low, sell cheap, high volume, fast turn† (Packer 352). Packer’s choice to include thisShow MoreRelatedWalmart Case Study4848 Words   |  20 Pagesemployer in the world †¢ Fourth largest utility or commercial employer †¢ Largest grocery retailer in the United States ( 20% ) †¢ Largest toy seller in the United States ( 22% ) Wal-Mart at a Glance †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ Founded - Arkansas, USA(1962) by Sam Walton Headquarters - Bentonville, Arkansas, U.S.A. Products - Discount Stores, Super centers, Neighborhood Markets Revenue - US$ 351.1 billion (2007) (Ranked # 1 on Fortune 500 list) Net income - US$ 11.3 billion (2007) Total assets - US$ 151.193 billionRead MoreSolution Manual, Test Bank and Instructor Manuals34836 Words   |  140 PagesMethod, 5th Edition_Daryl L. Logan (SM) A First Course in the Finite Element Method, SI Version, 5th Edition_ Daryl L. Logan (SM) A Framework for Marketing Management, 4E_Philip R Kotler,Kevin Lane Keller (TB) A Friendly Introduction to Numerical Analysis,Brian Bradie (ISM) A Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards, 3rd Edition_Belverd E. Needles, Marian Powers (SM+TB) A Guide to Modern Econometrics, 4th Edition_Marno Verbeek (SM) A History of Modern Psychology, 10th Edition _ DuaneRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesof systematic study. Identify the major behavioral science disciplines that contribute to OB. Demonstrate why few absolutes apply to OB. Identify the challenges and opportunities managers have in applying OB concepts. Compare the three levels of analysis in this book’s OB model. MyManagementLab Access a host of interactive learning aids to help strengthen your understanding of the chapter concepts at cott Nicholson sits alone in his parents’ house in suburban BostonRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management View.Pdf Uploaded Successfully133347 Words   |  534 Pagesconsideration of factors relevant to strategy-based human resource investment decisions. Factors to be discussed include the organization’s managerial values, risk and return trade-offs, the economic rationale for investments in training, the investment analysis approach of utility theory, and outsourcing as an alternative to investments in human resources. Following the discussion of these factors, specific investments in strategy-related training and development will be considered. This discussion willRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesLine 58 Understanding and Appreciating Individual Differences Important Areas of Self-Awareness 61 Emotional Intelligence 62 Values 65 Ethical Decision Making and Values 72 Cognitive Style 74 Attitudes Toward Change 76 Core Self-Evalu ation 79 SKILL ANALYSIS 84 Cases Involving Self-Awareness 84 Communist Prison Camp 84 Computerized Exam 85 Decision Dilemmas 86 SKILL PRACTICE 89 Exercises for Improving Self-Awareness Through Self-Disclosure 89 Through the Looking Glass 89 Diagnosing Managerial CharacteristicsRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 Pagesfollowing classification of cases by subject matter to be helpful. I thank those of you who made this and other suggestions. Classification of Cases by Major Marketing Topics Topics Most Relevant Cases Marketing Research and Consumer Analysis Coca-Cola, Disney, McDonald’s, Google, Starbucks Product Starbucks, Nike, Coke/Pepsi, McDonald’s, Maytag, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Newell Rubbermaid, DaimlerChrysler, Kmart/Sears, Harley-Davidson, Boeing/Airbus, Merck, Boston Beer, Firestone/Ford

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Quiz Questions On Supply Chain Management - 1170 Words

Quiz 1 Supply chain management Supply chain management: It is defined as effective control of flow of material, information and finance in a network consisting of suppliers, manufacturers, distributors and customers. Schematic representation: Effective functioning of supply chain requires †¢ Coordination: proper coordination should exist in supply chain to meet the demands of the customers at right time, right place with right quality †¢ Collaboration: there should be proper collaboration between parties so that whole supply chain can benefit. †¢ Information sharing: There should be information sharing between vendors and buyers about specifications, costs and time limits By understanding the demand side and supply side uncertainties and creating a value to the customers, supply chain can gain profitability. Demand side uncertainties: low-functional product; high-innovative product Supply side uncertainties: low-stable process; high: evolving process †¢ Efficient supply chain: by enhancing the capacity utilization in production and distribution operations, one can aim for increased productivity †¢ Risk Hedging supply chains: In this type, profitability can be achieved by using inventory pooling and developing multiple supply bases †¢ Responsive supply chains: Focus is on responsive and flexible supply chain based on postponement and build to order strategies. †¢ Agile supply chain: Decoupling is practiced as a means of pooling inventory and capacity resources. Supply chain isShow MoreRelatedMgt 496 – Strategic Warehouse Management /Complete Class1652 Words   |  7 PagesStrategic Warehouse Management /Complete Class Click Link Below To Buy:          MGT 496 Week 1 DQ 1 Value Chain MGT 496 Week 1 DQ 2 Demand Methodology MGT 496 Week 1 Quiz MGT 496 Week 2 DQ 1 The Yogurt Company and Security MGT 496 Week 2 DQ 2 Live Racking at B.M.W MGT 496 Week 2 Quiz MGT 496 Week 3 DQ 1 System Implementation MGT 496 Week 3 DQ 2 Occupational Safety Health Administration (O.S.H.A.) MGT 496 Week 3 Quiz MGT 496 WeekRead MoreSP15 SCM 305 Syllabus1256 Words   |  6 Pageseconomics, operations research, and operations management. We will apply these tools and principles to problems in financial management, marketing, operations, supply chain management, and quality management. We will also look at risk management in decision making and ethics in decision making. Required Class Materials: 1. Text Book – Schaum’s Outline; Operations Management – Decision Making in Business 2. Decision Making in Operations Management, Walden, 2014 3. Class lecture notes and slidesRead MoreProcurement: Purchasing Management Association1205 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction to Procurement Introduction  to  Procurement     Quiz  #  1   True/False  (1  mark  per  question)   1.   Competition  today  is  no  longer  between  firms;  it  is  between  the  supply  chains  of  those  firms.   True  Ã‚   False   2.   There  is  a  definitive  and  prescriptive  set  of  supply  chain  measures  that  applies  to  all  supply  chains.   True   False  Ã‚   3.   The  knowledge  and  skills  demanded  of  today’s  supply  professional  is  the  same  as  before.   True  Ã‚   False   4.   The  key  to  the  success  of  any  company  is  the  quality  of  its  employeesRead MoreBus 430 Complete Course Bus430 Complete Course Essay6850 Words   |  28 Pagesservice management skills at Zappos. Evaluate the different way(s) that Zappos creates a superior customer service. * Choose at least two OM activities in Exhibit 1.1 from Chapter 1 of the text. Evaluate how each of the activities impacts the management of goods and services that Zappos provides. Include one to two examples from each activity to support your position BUS 430 Week 1 Discussion 2 Value Chains Please respond to the following: * Choose an example of a global value chain andRead Moresyllabus1129 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Northeastern University TSMG 5340 - Telecommunications Public Policy and Business Management Thursday 6:00PM –9:30PM Forsyth Building Rm 237 Fall 2014 9/4th –12/11th Instructor Dick Lush Email or , phone -508-695-6034 If Class is cancelled – see announcement Course Material Course Pack at Harvard Business Publishing- See detailed instructions under Course Material TAB. There are Read MoreStrayer University: Week 3 Business Quiz 2 Chapter 3 Questions2206 Words   |  9 Pagesï » ¿BUS 365 WK 3 Quiz 2 Chapter 3 Purchase this tutorial here: Multiple Choice 1. __________ consists of powerful software tools to discover and extract knowledge from text documents. a) Document mining b) Master data management c) Knowledge mining d) Text mining 2. What is the goal of data management? a) To store data and documents in multiple locations to insure that they are accessible to everyone on demand. b) To capture financialRead MoreStudy Guide2309 Words   |  10 PagesMGT 443 FIRST EXAM STUDY GUIDE Chapter 1 QUIZ 1) Which of the following is NOT one of the processes included in operations management? o Finance 2) Structural operations management decisions include: o Capacity, facilities, and technology 3) Physical goods can be differentiated from services in the operations management process by: o Longer lead times and they can be inventoried 4) Which of the following functions would not have to think about â€Å"processes†Read More My Classroom Management Plan Essay1383 Words   |  6 PagesMany of us tend to equate classroom management with discipline (and for that matter, to equate discipline with punishment, but thats another story). I see classroom management as the processes and procedures that are in place to mitigate the need for punishment, leaving discipline to cleave to its roots of to follow. Anything else is not classroom management. It’s damage control. Classroom management starts, for me, with very clear expectations, and firmly established procedures.  I begin theRead MoreMarketing: Study Questions6268 Words   |  26 PagesModule 1 Study Quiz 1. Marketing is: a) About invention of new markets, new products and new services b) About the invention of new ways of distributing and reaching customers c) About researching, finding, understanding and making new markets d) About creating and changing market processes that change markets e) All of the above 2. A responsibility of marketers is to sell new products and ideas to decision-makers in their organization. a) Yes b) No 3. The focus of companies needs to be on winning:Read MoreMgmt 303 Wk2 Quiz797 Words   |  4 PagesManagement 303 – Week 2 Quiz Cindy Abbott DeVry University 1.  (TCO 2) List at least FOUR sources you will use to obtain information about the firm’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Discuss what categories of the SWOT elements of information are readily available on the Internet. What categories of data are difficult or impossible to find on the Internet? (When using the Internet, be sure to provide specific websites or URLs.) NOTE: You cannot use Wikipedia or another type

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nonfunctional Requirements Free Essays

Functional requirements define the needs in terms of performance, logical database requirements, design constraints, standards compliance, reliability, availability, security, maintainability, and portability. EXAMPLE 1 Performance RequirementsPerformance requirements define acceptable response times for system functionality.The load time for user interface screens shall take no longer than two seconds. We will write a custom essay sample on Nonfunctional Requirements or any similar topic only for you Order Now The log in information shall be verified within five seconds.Queries shall return results within five seconds.Example 2Logical Database RequirementsThe logical database requirements include the retention of the following data elements. This list is not a complete list and is designed as a starting point for developmentBooking/Reservation SystemCustomer first nameCustomer last nameCustomer addressCustomer phone numberNumber of occupantsAssigned roomDefault room rateRate descriptionGuaranteed room (yes/no)Credit card numberConfirmation numberAutomatic cancellation dateExpected check-in date. Expected check-in timeActual check-in dateActual check-in timeExpected check-out dateExpected check-out timeActual check-out dateActual check-out timeCustomer feedbackPayment received (yes/no)Payment typeTotal BillFood ServicesMealMeal typeMeal itemMeal orderMeal payment (Bill to room/Credit/Check/Cash) EXAMPLE 3 Design Constraints The Hotel Management System shall be a stand-alone system running in a Windows environment. The system shall be developed using Java and an Access or Oracle databaseIllustrate a timeframe needed to complete each task based on the requirements from question 2.(5 Marks)Answer Estimating time framesTo manage your time well, you should know not only what tasks you need to accomplish, but also when those tasks must be completed and how long they’ll take. Making accurate estimates about how long a task will take is one of the keys to effective time management. Many management problems are the result of unrealistic estimates of how long it will take to complete specific tasks.If you estimate time frames accurately, you’ll be able to schedule work efficiently and meet deadlines:schedule work efficiently  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Accurate estimates about how long tasks will take to complete make scheduling a lot easier. They ensure that you won’t have to keep changing your schedule. If you have a task that you accurately estimate will take six hours, for example, you can allot that time in your schedule and be reasonably confident you won’t have to change the schedule. But what if you didn’t accurately estimate the time for that task and allotted it only three hours? It would throw your schedule off, and you’d need to rework deadlines  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ If you’re accurate in estimating the time it will take to complete tasks, you’ll be better able to meet your deadlines. If you’re estimates aren’t accurate, you may need to ask to change deadlines or disappoint others who are relying on you to complete certain tasks. With accurate time estimates, you’ll also be more confident about setting deadlines because you know that the time you assign for completing each of your tasks is realistic.Time estimate equationIt’s important to estimate the time frames for your tasks accurately so that you can schedule all your work effectively and meet deadlines. To go about doing this, you first need to know the requirements of each task and your experience with activities – both when they run smoothly and when they don’t – to produce three time estimates:The  likely time  is the time that the task normally takes you to complete. It helps to consider the time it takes to complete the task without interruption. You should also think about a time frame you would be comfortable with based on your workload, the task, and any external factors that may delay or speed up the completion of the task. The  shortest time  is the least amount of time that you have taken to complete the task in the past. It may also refer to the shortest time in which you think you can complete the task if there are no interruptions or distractions.You can estimate the  longest time  by considering what may go wrong when performing the task and then adding this extra time to the task’s likely duration. This estimate should be based on your experience of this type of activity in the past, as well as on any foreseeable difficulties. You use the three time estimates to calculate the shortest possible time to complete a task based on an average of the likely, shortest, and longest times. Because in most cases a task will take the likely time to complete, this time is given more weight. You need to multiply it by 4, add the shortest time, and then add the longest time. You divide the total by 6 to get the shortest possible time.One important thing to remember is that you must use the same measurements for each type of time. For example, if your likely time is a number of days, the shortest and longest times must also be in days. If your estimates are in different measurements, start by changing them so they are all the same. The time frames equation often produces a shortest possible time that is longer than the shortest time you put into the equation. This is because the equation helps ensure that you’re realistic about how long things will take. To manage your time effectively, you have to estimate the time it will take to complete each of your tasks. Doing this ensures you can schedule your work appropriately and meet all your deadlines. To estimate the time frames for your tasks, you can use a simple time frames equation, which uses estimates for the likely, shortest, and longest times to calculate the realistic, shortest possible time that it will take to complete a task. Five threats to your business that you need to consider for the success of this system.Answer: After assessing the strengths and weaknesses of your business for your business plan, look for external forces, like opportunities and threats, that may have an effect on its destiny. These changes includeThe appearance of new or stronger competitors.The emergence of unique technologiesShifts in the size or demographic composition of your market areaChanges in the economy that affect customer buying habitsChanges in customer preferences that affect buying habitsChanges that alter the way customers access your business. Changes in politics, policies, and regulationsFads and fashion crazesList the threats and opportunities facing your business, and follow these guidelines:When listing opportunities, consider emerging technologies, availability of new materials, new customer categories, changing customer tastes, market growth, new uses for old products (think about how mobile phones and even eyeglasses now double as cameras and computers), new distribution or location opportunities, positive changes in your competitive environment, and other forces that can affect your success. When listing threats, consider the impact of shrinking markets, altered consumer tastes and purchase tendencies, raw material shortages, economic downturns, new regulations, changes that affect access to your business, and competitive threats, including new competing businesses and competitive mergers and alliances. Also think about the impact of expiring patents, labor issues, global issues, and new products that may make your offering outdated or unnecessary. If you’re having a tough time getting specific, look back at the strengths and weaknesses, but this time, use it to list strengths and weaknesses of a competitor. You won’t know as much about your competitor’s capabilities as you know about your own, but you probably know enough to flag areas of strength and weakness. Your competitor’s strengths are potential threats to your business, and its weaknesses present potential opportunities. Three elements of risk All risk management standards agree that the goal of risk management is to enhance the chances of success of the relevant endeavor. However, each of them provides a different definition of risk: ISO31000:2009 calls it â€Å"effect of uncertainty on objectives,† the PMI â€Å"PMBOK Guide†Ã‚  has â€Å"an uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative effect on the project’s objectives,† and the preferred Risk Doctor definition is â€Å"uncertainty that matters. â€Å"Each description is true, but only partly so. This matters because, until we know what we are dealing with, we cannot manage it in the best way possible:If we use the ISO definition, then our first thought will be to focus on the  effect;If we follow PMI, then we will start from the potential  occurrence;With the Risk Doctor definition, we start from  uncertainty.Each of these — the effect, the event and the uncertainty  Ã¢â‚¬â€Ã‚  is a component of risk, but on its own is not a risk. Even taken in pairs they do not provide the full picture:an effect plus an event is  an issue;an event plus an uncertainty is  a prediction;an uncertainty plus and effect is  a concern.It is only when you put all three together that you can see what a risk is made of, and use this information to decide on what, if anything, to do about it. Of course, this then requires a longer definition, but the goal enhancing the chances of success is worth the effort. But what is â€Å"success†? It is more than simply â€Å"meeting objectives;† it must also include the condition of â€Å"complying with project constraints† in order for the final result to remain within scope.Given this clarification, a more complete definition is: â€Å"Risk consists of three parts: an  uncertain situation, the  likelihood of occurrence  of the situation, and the  effect (positive or negative)that the occurrence would have on project success.† The three-part definition helps with three important stages of the risk management process:In  1.risk identification, it supports the structured description of a risk (â€Å"risk metalanguage†) in the form: â€Å"Because of one or more causes, uncertain situation may occur, leading to In  2.risk evaluation, knowledge of potential causes allows you to evaluate the likelihood; identification of effects provides a basis for quantifying the impact. In  3 risk response planning, the different parts of the definition suggest different response approaches:for  threat avoidance, understanding the  situation  may allow you to stop it happening or protect against its results;understanding the  situation  can also be used to help us  exploit opportunities;in  risk transfer or sharing, we seek a partner better equipped to address the  effect;for  threat reduction  or  opportunity enhancement, we focus on the  effect  and/or the  likelihood;in  risk acceptance, any contingency plan has to address the  effect. Including these three components when you describe risks (the uncertainty, the event and the effect) will help everyone involved in risk management to take account of these three important aspects of risk, and act on them to enhance the chances of success. EXAMPLE Two examples of Managing risk in hotels Process and framework IHG has an established risk management process and framework embedded in owned and managed hotels in all regions. The long-term strategic goals are aligned with the IHG core purpose Great Hotels Guests Love and include three key elements:safety and security of guests, employees and other third parties;brand strength supported by operational excellence in risk management at all hotels and corporate locations; andmaintenance and promotion of the reputation of the Company. Our approach has been to enable and support hotel owners, staff and corporate functions to manage risk effectively. This is accomplished by giving them a systematic approach and framework to follow and by providing them with tools to do the job.The Global Risk Management function aims to share specialist knowledge and capability globally whilst being aligned to the operational structure of the business to ensure local circumstances are understood and respected and greater engagement of our people is achieved. Example 2 1 Safety and security risks in hotelsA strategic framework for hotel safety and security has been designed for owned and managed hotels and is illustrated below, showing the identified groups of risks and describing the management activities carried out to mitigate those risks.2 Mitigating hotel safety and security risksRisks are identified at hotel level through various means including intelligence gathering, quality audits, risk management assessments and internal audits. They are also identified as a result of incidents, customer audits and self-assessment. Hotel management discuss issues at monthly safety meetings and action plans are developed. Risks are prioritised, assigned and improvement actions are identified, progressed and monitored. Action plans are reviewed at appropriate levels in the organisation for issues that need to be escalated either to drive action or to develop common solutions. IHG believes it has a mature and capable systemic and systematic approach to managing hotel safety and security which both reduces the likelihood and impact of events. The embedded culture within IHG makes hotels and the corporation more resilient to unexpected or unidentifiable risks. How to cite Nonfunctional Requirements, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Project And Originally Developed Schedules â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Project And Originally Developed Schedules? Answer: Introduction In all projects that are established and those that take place, a risk assessment plan is established, in which the possible risks that might occur as the project proceeds on is assessed. At the same time, the organization establishes a schedule that will be utilized to determine the tasks that will be carried out and the time when those organizations will be carried out. These two factors play a significantly major role in guiding the project development process. Without this establishment, it becomes extremely difficult for individuals to manage completing a project within the allocated budget and time constraint. Dairy Farming Group Organization is currently facing the challenge of establishing an effective management information system. One of its major aim is to carry out both the schedule review and the risk review of this project. Risk Review The projects risk management plan had established and identified some risks whose occurrence can jeopardize the ability of the project to meet the intended purpose. With the project development process proceeding on, the main problem that exists is the fact that risks constantly change. It is, therefore, appropriate to establish an effective review of the current risks that are in existence and the strategies that are appropriate for addressing those risks. The first risk identified is the risk of lack of resources. At the level that the organization is currently in, there are some resources that it can utilize to develop the project. The main question is, however, the aspect of sufficiency. Some resources may not be sufficient in fully carrying out their intended purpose, an aspect that can be partially appropriate. With this regard, therefore, the strategy of addressing this issue with the organizational management and explaining the required additional resources can help in addres sing this risk occurrence completely (Anderson, 2006). The other risk is that of overrunning the budget. The probability of the occurrence of this risk is significantly low. Despite this reason, however, it is appropriate to ensure that the risks are minimized to the least level possible. An example of an appropriate strategy that can help to address the mitigation of this risk is creating an appropriate budget that is precise to avoid miscalculation of the totals in the budget that the organization intends to use in the project development process. Another risk, whose occurrence is significantly high, is the increase in the estimated time which the project is intended to be complete. This risk is significant because, through it, the project may not manage to meet its time constraint. A strategy that can be utilized to address this issue is increasing the motivation and effectiveness of the employees, and thus they can manage to accomplish the tasks allocated to them in time. The occurrence of any of these risks might cause major problem s with the project development process, and thus it is appropriate to avoid any of the risks from occurring (Khatta, 2008). Table Risk Analysis The following table provides an analysis of the risks provided and the means through which they can be improved significantly. Risk Impact to Dairy Firm organization Probability of occurrence Mitigation Strategy Exceeding of the budget. The organization would be required to spend much more money on the organization 8/10 probability of occurrence Ensuring that all the information needed regarding cost and price of all aspects relating to the project is precisely known. Inability to meet the project constraints The organization would lose too much money, time and other resources. 2/10 probability of occurrence Ensuring that the project has all the necessary requirements to become successful. Implementing effectiveness of operation. Ineffectiveness of developers The organization would lose resources invested in the project development process. 3/10 probability of occurrence Ensuring that training and development strategies are established to train developers before the project development process begins. Reduction of project resources The organization would be required to increase the money invested in the project in order to ensure its successful completion. 5/10 probability of occurrence. Ensuring that all the project requirements are completely established and indicated in the budget before the project commences. Schedule Review The schedule that the organization intends to use contains all its tasks and targets and the means through which those tasks will be carried out. With this regard, therefore, the first major aspect of consideration is the means through which the schedules can be organized in a way that they will fully fit the context that they are intended to. With the many changes that occur during the development process, some of the schedules may change and require further adjustment. Strategies for ensuring that the schedules are effective and appropriate are therefore significantly necessary (Frenkel, Hommel, Rudolf, Dufey, 2005). The first schedule aspect that requires being altered is the time management aspect. The time management aspect determines the ability of the project to complete all the tasks effectively. An improved management plan helps in ensuring that the project is effective about the time it takes (Heldman, Baca, Jansen, 2007). The second schedule issue that requires altering is the duration allocated to different project durations. Reducing the durations that each task needs to be completed can help in saving time for the complex tasks, and at the same time in ensuring that the project completes within the given time limit. Changing this schedule aspect is therefore appropriate. The other aspect of consideration regarding the schedule that should also be changed is the critical path issue. This aspect should be altered to enable the project to have more time in the development. Extreme focus on the critical path of the project helps to establish effectiveness in the different aspects of team management (Kendri, 2004). Table Schedule Review The table below provides an explanation of the schedule aspects of the daily farm group organization and the means through which the organization can improve them in the process of the development. Schedule aspect Impact to the project Impact to the organization Improvement strategy Time management Determines the ability to complete within the given time limit. Defines whether the organization achieves its results of the project in time. Ensuring that the project managers are fully skilled in managing time through training and development Task delegation Enables early completing of tasks and uniform completion of the project. Determines the effectiveness of the project and its ability to meet the allocated time deadline. Ensuring that the project managers and supervisors are fully skilled in teamwork and delegation practices through training and development. Pladevelopment and dation allocation Enables the developers to define the required time and resources efficiently. Enables the organization to attain a proper estimate and thus make an appropriate decision regarding the project. Ensuring that the individuals developing the plans have experience or advice from highly experienced individuals. Recovery strategy in case the remaining time is less Enables the developers to have a backup plan. Can cause the organization to obtain the results and provisions of the project late. Establishing a plan through which an additional workforce can be provided to increase the speed of the development process in order to enhance effectiveness of operation. References Anderson, T. 2006.Perspectives on strategic risk management. Kge, Denmark Herndon, VA: Copenhagen Business School Press. Frenkel, M., Hommel, U., Rudolf, M. Dufey, G. 2005.Risk management : challenge and opportunity. Berlin New York: Springer. Heldman, K., Baca, C. Jansen, P. 2007.PMP : project management professional study guide. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley Pub. Kendrick, T. 2004.The project management tool kit : 100 tips and techniques for getting the job done right. New York: AMACOM/American Management Association. Khatta, R. 2008.Risk management. New Delhi: Global India Publications. Siegrist, M., Earle, T. Gutscher, H. 2010.Trust in risk management : uncertainty and scepticism in the public mind. London Washington, DC: Earthscan.